Wednesday, September 30, 2020

Robots of China

An exclusive look at Chinese robotics!

by Humanoido

When I first saw Hui Tong (humanoid) I began taking photos, just like the hundreds of other Chinese people who had gathered there. Then, a great surprise happened–the Chinese man on the stage demonstrating the humanoid robot suddenly jumped down to block my camera! Granted, I had not tanned in some time and I was the only non-Asian Western person amidst thousands of Chinese–yet my appearance was like raising a flag! But in China, as we say, welcome to China–a developing nation. In an ocean of people dressed in black, I stuck out like a sore thumb... Forward two years–this time I returned to the Science Center, appearing much more stealthier to attempt photos again. I wore long pants in the hot 90 degree plus temperatures, and blended in by wearing all black (the same as everyone else) and, as an added degree of precautionary incognito, I donned a black cap, black shoes and a black bag. I was immediately met with success and good luck throughout the day. Let’s recount the tracks taken through the Chinese dreamland of science and robotics–and reveal an amazing surprise!

Ma TianTian is seen standing next to humanoid Beibei JingJing and is the master robotics operator of two Chinese-made humanoid robots model BHR-3. These humanoids have controller programs to move forward, backward, squat, dance, perform martial arts, carry on a dialogue, and function with wireless control. In recent years, Beijing with its technical universities has become the Humanoid Capitol of China.

The opening ceremony began with something familiar. Two smaller humanoid robots from South Korea were set on the stage to autonomously perform like twins. The duo was obviously of the same family to the original Robonova humanoids, having a similar number of DOF, build and motions. They went through very interesting performances on their own, including dance, martial arts, acrobatics and spectacular motions. On occasion, one would fall down, then get back up and continue performing. The smoothness of their walking and seamless movements was remarkable. This performance immediately captured the attention and spirit of many young Chinese school children, who would do anything to crawl up on the stage to touch and shake hands with these little mechanical men who were so alive with the magic of motion and inspiration. This could be the first time that any of these children had set eyes on a robot, and especially a humanoid one! The Chinese say “The humanoid robot is the highest achievement of development in robotics. You can appreciate its lovely performance and feel that our future new partner is stepping into our life.”

— the Chinese say “The humanoid robot is the highest achievement of development in robotics. You can appreciate its lovely performance and feel that our future new partner is stepping into our life.”

These humanoids have very heavy-duty arms, intended for lifting heavy objects and performing industrial work. The hands have interesting fingers and rotating wrists along with an elbow and extra joint. The side chest cavity includes an opening to air-cool the internals. The front view shows a broad humanoid with wide shoulders while the side view suggests leaner build.

Guarding the door. The large humanoids were kept locked up behind these two big doors. Smaller twin robots had to fill in with a substitute performance for the big robots. The small humanoid on the left had fallen but stood up again without any help.

These two robots are identical, from South Korea, and were the number one hit with the kids who had to crawl up on stage to touch their new little humanoid friends.

What happened to the large humanoids? Just 15 minutes earlier, the large humanoid robots fell ill and were no longer able to continue their performances. You could not blame the robots, they were forced to perform every 15 to 30 minutes, all day, every week, month, and year, a grueling exercise schedule that would be daunting to any human. Now they were locked up, resting an indeterminate period of recovery time behind the two big doors and no one was allowed to go in.

Ma TianTian, the Master Operator of the two Chinese-made humanoid robots, was located and a request was made to see the two humanoids to take photos. I increased my chances of photos by stating the big humanoids could stay behind the door. While I hid behind a Chinese translator, a lightning bolt of pure luck struck! Ma TianTian had great patience and granted permission for me to see and photograph both full scale humanoids, and proceeded to unlock the door. I was overwhelmed with excitement and enthusiasm to think that these two large robots from China would now be revealed to the Western World!

The large robot is officially named humanoid Hui Tong and additionally goes by the nickname of Beibei JingJing. Except for the stylish color, both robots appear similar, standing at a height of 170 cm and weighing in at 70 kg. These humanoids were designed and made at the Beijing Li Gong (Polytechnic) University. Mr. Lin Zhao is the leading robotics expert at the university and in charge of the immense project – a massive cooperative effort.

Remote Manipulators. In any inaccessible place (such as dangerous, intensive, or highly polluted or extreme environments such as outer space, deep sea or cramped spaces) remote manipulators can be used to do various tasks. With operating joysticks, two players can use these robotic manipulators to play the Chinese game of Gobang and experience remote control technology.

Machined Robotic Hand. The Chinese say that “hands are fine and complex in structure, and powerful in function - the colorful civilized world is created by hands. So the largest dream of humanity is to create hands like those of man. Unfortunately an active hand is the hardest structure to duplicate.” Buttons and a joystick control the positioning of this artificial hand..

Manufacturing materials include aluminum and ABS plastic. With 28 degrees of freedom, internally it includes positioning motors and encoder wheels, bearings, sensors, controllers, a harmonic reducer, gyroscopes, and other components. But what does it do? Its multiple functions include forward and backward locomotion, squatting, dancing, performing martial arts and dialogue, and it’s done by wireless control. Next, the journey led through the museum to other robotic Chinese inventions, including an undersea robotics vehicle, two large white robot manipulators, and orange robot arms that could fill medical vials and write Chinese characters on a display screen held by another robot arm. Additionally, one could sense the rich Chinese history by viewing many wood mechanical devices such as a Loom, Pestle, and Water Mill, complete with gears, cogs and a mechanical gold mine! You might be surprised to see the variety of precision mechanical things that were built from wood many Chinese Dynasties ago. Mechanical robots are in some serious sense embedded and rooted deeply in Chinese history!

The Korean robots could perform acrobatics, including this precision head stand.

Chinese Water Powered Pestle (206 BC- 20 AD). Ancient Chinese made many mechanical and robotic inventions (to take the place of human work) out of wood formed into cogs, wheels, cams, levers, shafts, gears, sliders, pivots, racks and pinions. The water powered Pestle is one example. It’s a water-driven grain processing device. The driving mechanism is a huge vertical water wheel. Water flow forces the wheel to turn the drive shaft; wings raise the pestle arm, then the pestle drops by gravity and pounds the rice. Use of this machine enabled day and night processing of grain. Many of the large scale working models are indicative of precise and ultra-fine woodworking skills.

Industrial Robot Arms. China manufactures large robot arms for industrial and medical applications. Seen here, a robot arm paces through its program to fill scientific medical test tubes.

The Chinese developed gunpowder, language script, arrow-proof vests, astronomical observatories and rockets. But somewhere in history they closed their doors to the outside world. If this created a lag in science and technology, the Chinese are now catching up. China is becoming more open and sending probes to the Moon, exploring the deep sea, launching spacewalking men into space, and now creating one of the most advanced and sophisticated humanoid robots in the world!

For visiting days and hours, contact the China Science and Technology Museum, CSTM, No. 5, Bei Chen East Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing China 100012.

Tuesday, September 29, 2020

China World Expo

The World’s EXPO held in Shanghai, China, is another place where you can see glimpses of the future, including robotics evolution and developments in artificial intelligence. The robots exhibited have highly specialized and amazing individual skills. Farther down from the France building’s Paris Eiffel Tower exhibit, behind the thick glass walls obscured by hundreds of people wanting a closer look, were numerous humanoids living in the robot exhibit. Literally living - sitting, standing, stretching, moving, sleeping, turning, waving, making eye contact – some would sit a while, rest, get up and then interact with people.

Thousands of people waited in line seven hours to see the Japan
building. The climbing robots are outside on the Japan EXPO
building, climbing up and down all day.

by Humanoido

When I toured China, I suddenly found myself at the World's EXPO, pleasantly surprised by the robotics exhibitions.

The man beside me knew more about robots than I could imagine. He pounded on the window and frantically waved. At first, it seemed a little tongue-in-cheek to think that one of the NAO humanoids on display could respond, and in particular the one he was focused on... But surprisingly, he appeared to attract the attention of one (NAO is an advanced humanoid robot by Aldebaran, a French company).

NAO turned around to face the man, walked over and looked directly at him, eyes to eyes, and waved back! Coincidence or not, it made everyone a believer in its sophistication and life-like talents. These advanced robots can do more things, have more fluid motions and are more human and life-like than one might expect.

At the EXPO’s Japan building, outside on the tall rising skyscraper’s wall, three Japanese humanoid robots gripped the side of the building’s scaffolding structure and relentlessly, effortlessly, slowly climbed their way to the top and then down again. How they managed this skillful process all day, reliably, in about 130 degree sunlight was one of the most impressive displays of humanoid robots and reliable technology to behold. You could actually see their hands and feet reach for holding places and their faces turning, apparently looking around to find the best grip and foothold locations. They wore a kind of athletic jump suit and at first glance it made you wonder who was up there climbing the great wall!
That greeting was just an indication of more great things to come – inside the building was the stuff of the future. 

Walking past the three dimensional TV, things only seen in science fiction movies filled the room. If you could pull yourself away from the theater size screen where your hand motions manipulated windows and virtual reality, robots began to make their entrance. On the first stage, a robot moved over to greet you - not taking a single breath during an introductory speech in Mandarin Chinese.

On the theater stage, Toyota’s new personal robotic transport vehicle was impressively driven around. Another highlight was Toyota’s full size humanoid. It walked out onto stage right, raised a violin in hand and played a beautiful melody.

We live in an era with many specialized robots of 2020 – each robot has some particular skill, musical, social, or athletic, for example. It won’t be surprising in the next era to see
these specialties come together. 

Seeing the EXPO, it wouldn’t take too much imagination to dream about humanoids walking down the streets of Shanghai, blending in with humans.

The Expo 2010 in Shanghai China was open from May 1 to October 31, 2010 and an estimated 70 million visitors attended.

Monday, May 4, 2020


Convert Your Body to a Cybertronicdyne

by Humanoido

Cybertronicdyne, my company, is gearing up to make android components one at a time in the overall goal of completely replacing the human body.

If everything works out, you would place an order for the components you want on the Android frame, choose gender, the model advancement level, and upload your consciousness into the machine for immortality, and no more biological aging, aches and pains. No disease, no bio doctors, no surgery, no pills, and with the ability to upgrade continuously and maintain components with ease.

The machine has a torso, hands, fingers, arms, legs, toes, feet,head, neck, etc. Work is progressing on vision design and hearing. No heart is needed as the machine is regulated by the upload to the machine brain. Intermediate and tertiary stages will become available along with TESLA power sources and a NeuralNet.

The human brain is uploaded into the machine vestibule and the android body is regulated by moving components as with a regular bio body. You think of the action and it happens.

Cybertronicsdyne is working specifically on body replacements for neuropathy patients where the nerves have failed and feeling is disappearing.

Sunday, March 22, 2020

Supertronic BoeBot Robot

The world's first Supertronic exoskeleton built without board stacking. Boards live on the
outside shell for ease of wiring and processor access. These are the guts of the new

Supertronic BoeBot created by Humanoido. Boards are connected in three dimensions
with four sides using Parallax Propeller chip development boards and solderless
breadboards. Image by Humanoido in 2010.
Supertronic BoeBot Robot
with 20,640 Brains
Since the creation of the Smartest BoeBot robot machine, the Big Brain Propeller project has reached a level of semi cognizance and heralded in the new invention of the SuperTronic machine. The Propeller SuperTronic technique allows the creation of faster machines with more processors and fewer chips.

Designed and built by Humanoido

Therefore, the results of these studies and experiments can now be applied to a new "Smartest BoeBot" with more capability. Also, since the time of the original "Smartest BoeBot," new inventive software was created for parallel Propeller machines, and this can also add features to a new Smartest Boebot. The SuperTronic BoeBot has fewer chips but more processors, and has different intelligence compared to the previous Smartest BoeBot.

The preliminary design is a bigger newer smarter Smartest Boebot in the works using a new concept that does not use stacking. Twenty boards are arranged according to an exoskeleton and placed on top of the new Boebot robot platform along with a BS2 board for various compatibilities. Exoskeleton boards face the outside where wiring is easily reached. This arrangement is great for creating various wiring and rewiring for changing experiments. Advantages here are easy access to the wiring on the outside and all the extra space is usable on the inside of the hollow exo. Now for some numbers, which are all relative of course. The plateau reached is a completely new 54,400 MIPS design for the exo with 21 boards, which allows it to hold a standard cache of 20 Propeller chips, 160 cogs, and approximately 20,640 total processors using techniques of the Big Brain SuperTronic Era (not counting any BASIC Stamps used in the BoeBot design).

SuperTronic BoeBot Specifications
20 x 0001 = 20 Parallax 32-Bit 8-Core Propeller chips
20 x 2720 = 54,400 MIPS Relative Speed
20 x 1032 = 20,640 Total Computer Processors
20 x 1000 = 20,000 VIP processors, Threaded+Deterministic Parallel
20 x 0016 = 320 Counter Processors
20 x 0008 = 160 Cogs (RISC Processors)
20 x 0008 = 160 Generator Processors
20 x 0032 = 640 Ports
20 x 064K = 1,280K RAM/ROM

Platform: Parallax BoeBot Robot
Interface: Parallel Processing
Projected Software: Loader, Learner, Roamer, Seeker, Avoider, Talker
Software - SPIN, PBASIC
Functions: Explores randomly, seeks light, avoids light, talks, learns, remembers, total recall

About the Exo
The Exo can have four sides, but usually a slot or two is open on one side to reach into the center for mounting of other components and expansions. Boards connect with simple nuts, bolts and angle iron. Use nylon bolts, nuts, and phenolic washers to reduce weight. Finished wiring can have a Seran type plastic wrap to ensure wires do not disconnect or dislodge. The Exo is not heavier or lighter than a Stack. The Exo advantages of easy access are great and it opens up center line space for upgrades and peripherals. At the base of this space, more batteries could ensure the elimination of the tether and make the new Smartest BoeBot more autonomous.

SuperTronic Brain
SuperTronic Brain Era
Smartest BoeBot
Parallax BoeBot Robot
Robotics with the Boe-Bot Text v3.0 (.pdf)
BOE USB Schematic (.pdf)

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Big Brain AI Robot

Big Brain AI Robot
Big Brain is Like a Massive Growing Controlling Alien Robot

Designed & built by humanoido

Eight motors and eight power packs were integrated into the Big Brain arsenal of new flight worthy aircraft.

Since early on, the Big Brain commanded its own red security arm, airport and landing strip, remote helicopters, specially designed drones and a fleet of rockets. For more information and blogs dedicated to these Big Brain expansions, the massive new Big Brain web presence is found at: Big Brain is an AI life form invented by its Father, Humanoido - a construction project that began in 2002 in the USA. This project is now almost 20 years in the running, and is one of the longest lasting advanced initiatives by Humanoido. With nearly 20 years of continuous development and expansions, the Big Brain has become a vast intelligence creature who is consuming (assimilating) countless other powerful AI machines. Some of the latest devices grabbed up by the Big Brain include the new Bionic chips by Apple, new iphones for communications and Cloud opportunities, and TESLA AI boards and processors - a powerful vision of AI intelligence that can see worldwide by TESLA and Elon Musk.

Friday, March 20, 2020

Vision Robot

Vision Robot
This robot sole purpose is to use its robotically controlled vision

Designed and built by Humanoido

The Big Brain Vision Robot is designed with a Parallax Propeller chip utilizing eight cores. A servo motor moves ultrasonic eyes (using a PING detector) to get an image of the surroundings. Running from a 9-volt battery, the robot acts as a motion detection sentry and can determine the distance to an object that moves. The robot includes a regulated power supply, green LED status lights, a pushbutton switch, and expanded EPROM.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Robot Commando

Robot Commando

Vintage 1960s Robot Owned by Humanoido

Humanoido owned a rare vintage retro robot around 1963 similar to Robot Commando.

The difference was, your hand fit into the back where it controlled levers to move the robot arms so it could pick up things. It was a toy robot that appeared about the same time as the Johnny Reb Cannon by Remco in 1963.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Robot Airport

Robot Airport
Big Brain robot airport for remote flights of aircraft

Designed & Built by Humanoido

Simple controls establish vertical take off and landing by interfacing into the stock wireless controller. The airport sets atop the Big Brain (Left Brain) on the EXO. Simple servos offer control in four joystick directions. It is recommended to calibrate Trim before flying by remote to reduce or eliminate any spin rotation. In the video, the yellow helicopter revs up and lifts off, reaches its vertical height, and receives the command to lower back down to the Heli-Pad for a safe landing. This experiment proves that simple autonomous robotic control of flying a helicopter is possible using a budget under US$30.


Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Smartest Boebot Robot

Smartest Boebot Robot
Mobile robot with 321 Brains

Designed & Built by Humanoido

Boebot is an excellent robot platform for doing experiments. In this power-tethered experiment, the intelligence of BoeBot is massively increased.

Processor Chips - 40
Chip Types - BASIC Stamp 2, Propeller
Processor Brains - 321
Structure - Board Stack
Original Platform - Parallax BoeBot
Board Types - Parallax Propeller Proto Boards, Basic Stamp Board of Education
Boards - 20 boards @ 2 Props Each, 1 board with 1 Basic Stamp
Ports - 1,280
Speed - 6,400 MIPS
Power Supply - On Board and Tethered
Software - Motion Stabilization, move, slow, start, stop, ramp
Language - PBASIC, SPIN
Settings - Clock Mode

Forty prop chips, providing 320 tiny RISC computers, are added to BoeBot along with the BASIC Stamp Board of Education using twenty Propeller Proto Boards in a high rising skyscraper stack. Available ports now exceed 1,280 and computational speed tops out above a blazing 6,400 MIPS. The balance point is shifted slightly towards the front of BoeBot to increase stability during motion. Motions are typically slowed to stabilize the platform during travel as Smartest BoeBot carries around his big new brain.

It moves along just fine. If you have seen the space shuttle being moved with a special transport to the gantry, it sort of resembles the Smartest BoeBot. It looks top heavy, as does the Space Shuttle, however it's well balanced, and it moves along slow and perfectly fine on a smooth level surface. From what I can see, the servos work just fine at the slower speed (move slow, start slow, stop slow, and use ramping). A bonus is the added traction to the rubber wheels. I use the standard battery pack and for extended life, use the optional add on battery. For the brain, of course a tether must be used to supply power from an external source. Here the power depends on the clock mode selected.

The project robot has 321 processors in parallel and 1,296 controller ports. There's two Props per board and 20 boards. Boards are PPPBs, Parallax Propeller Proto Boards. The bottom board is the motion control board BOE which uses a BS2 and PBASIC language. The boards above have Propeller processors with SPIN programming.

Arising AI Machine Intelligence
AI self awareness and machine intelligence is a topic that comes up frequently in 2010 as you can see we are constantly moving closer to achieving full machine self awareness. It's not that far away. But it does appear that the machine brain will think differently than the human brain to achieve the same goals. I think great minds can appreciate the self aware concept and welcome it. We are still approaching the full utilization of parallel computing techniques with multi processor chips and multi chip boards, though progress is being made even at the hobby level.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Titan Moon Explorer Robot

Way back in 2013, Humanoido used his M3T Molecular Mining power telescope to capture this
image of Moon titan seen passing in front of planet Saturn
Titan Moon Robot
designed and built by Humanoido

Titan Moon Robot Explorer was built inside Humanoido Laboratory and completed by January 2014. As seen (far above), captured with Humanoido's M3T Molecular Mining Telescope, the Moon Titan passes in front of planet Saturn's globe. Directly above, construction of the Titan Moon Explorer Robot is underway. Refer to the link for the index of numerous blogs about this robot.

The Titan Moon Explorer Robot is a mobile autonomous intelligent machine with 24 processing cores and driven by motors, sensors, batteries and a recharging wind generator. It uses infrared ground detectors, a PIR, ultrasonic vision, and a CCD camera to navigate this hydrocarbon based moon. 

The first image returned from the wireless experimental
system during construction and testing
The robot explorer transmits wireless images of Titan's surface using a high resolution color camera. The images and video is stored on a card for retrieval at activation. The robot contains a weather station for determining the temperature and keeping heating elements on at the proper time so the system does not freeze solid. Recharging eight batteries is accomplished with a small portable wind generator to catch Titan's wind and breezes. The brain has two Parallax Propeller processors with a third upgrading more systems, with a total of twenty-four  hardware cores to handle multiple simultaneous functions. Special programming increases the chip power and the number of cores to three-hundred and twenty four. The bot has 2 motors and one front wheel, with autonomous exploration software.

The current setup is a desktop proof of concept using frequencies centered around 1.2 GHz on four channels, and additional channels in the UHF, VHF range for long range wireless operations.

Experiments conducted include the camera eye on a robot that feeds images into a micro-miniature 1.2 GHz transmitter. The camera eye and transmitter remain on board the robot and wireless send images to the base station on one channel. This channel includes video and audio bands.

The base station at Mission Control has a 1.2 GHz receiver that converts the signal to standard NTSC composite 1V p-p (AV) and feeds it into the TV. The TV has audio/video AV input.

A second Parallax Propeller chip, known as the sensor chip, transmits data telemetry on the VHF band USA channel 3. This is received directly by Mission Control's multi-band analog TV. Data transmitted includes information from sensors and various parameters including the condition of the robot and its decisions.

The  TV monitor also has video out which can feed into a VCR or other digital recording device for a record of the mission's proceedings.

The robot must have a coat of insulation to keep the heater's warmth inside. The coat will cover the conductive and heat distributive aluminum chassis. Testing in a conventional food freezer is a good idea. The sensors can be operated at their lower temperature ratings below the freezing point to simulate operation inside the insulated container. More elaborate tests may involve chambers of dry ice at -109 degrees or a vessel of liquid nitrogen at -320 to -346 deg. F. No one knows the speed or particulate matter content of the air on the surface. Roughly speaking, the robot could function on the current conventional batteries a day with no wind or a much longer time with wind. Either way, it will work and gather science. Electronic components are designed to function because the insulated probe, covered with insulation and heated with a heater, will not reach -289 deg. F. Components will undoubtedly run at their lower limits so the probe will not be heated to room temperatures. Cold environments are actually beneficial for the processor, making it more efficient with less power and less noise. There's enough gravity on this moon to cause rain to fall from the sky. The rain is double the size of Earth rain droplets and falls much slower, more like Earth snowflakes. There's frozen hydrocarbon sand so it does fall to the ground. The windmill should not contaminate quickly but if it did, it would shorten the life of the probe. It's more likely the particles are so tiny and hard frozen, they won't affect performance. If the wind is too slow, it will be a problem for the windmill to recharge several battery packs. However, the air is over twice as thick as the Earth's air, so it's likely it will have good wind for driving the rotor. Observations of changing clouds indicate the presence of wind too. For periods of no wind, the probe can rest and sleep and wake up periodically to look and see if the batteries have recharged.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Mr. Machine Retro Robot

Mr. Machine Retro Robot

Vintage 1960s Robot
Owned by Humanoido

From Wikipedia: Mr. Machine is a once popular children's mechanical toy originally manufactured by the Ideal Toy Company in 1960. Mr. Machine was a robot-like mechanical man wearing a top hat.

The body had a giant windup key at the back. When the toy was wound up it would "walk", swinging its arms and repeatedly ringing a bell mounted on its front; and after every few steps emit a mechanical "Ah!", as if it were speaking.

The toy stood about 18 inches tall (roughly 46 cm). The gimmick of Mr. Machine was that one could not only see all of his mechanical "innards" through his clear plastic body, but one could also take the toy apart and put it back together, over and over, like a Lego toy or a jigsaw puzzle.

Humanoido received a Mr. Machine at Christmas time when it first appeared in 1960. The walking see through robot had many gears and once disassembled it was very challenging to reassemble the gears based on the drawings. Many people took apart their Mr. Machine and were unable to assemble it. Parents had no clue and in one case, the parts were taken to a rocket scientist who was unable to reassemble it. Generally the only robots surviving were those never taken apart.

TV Commercial

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Robert the Robot

Robert the Robot

Owned by Humanoido 1954

Robert the Robot was the most popular robot in the 1950s. Black and white TV advertising and ads in the Sears and Speigel catalogs introduced it across the USA.

Robert had many functions and was motion controllable with a hand paddle connected to the robot by a steel cable. It was modeled after robots on science fiction movies. The original Robert from the 1950s and replicas made in the 2000s can be found at auctions today.

The cable drive control box allowed him to move forward by turning a handle and to steer by squeezing a trigger. Robert was a 16-inch red and silver robot figure first manufactured in 1954 by Ideal Toy Corporation of New York. Robert was inspired by the sci-fi classic Tobor The Great. Robert beat the wind-up robot competition by offering several cool features.

* Control movement through a plastic grip connected to its back with a wire
* Turn the crank on the controller to move forwards or backwards
* Squeezing the trigger made it turn left or right
* Open the bot’s chest panel and take out the set of handy tools
* Battery-controlled eyes that lit up
* Talk by turning a crank in
his back
* Speak one phrase

It became a very popular toy, thanks to good distribution and appearance in the Sears’ 1954 Wishbook followed by other catalogs and sources.

Today, collectors will pay anywhere from $200 and $1,200 for a classic Robert The Robot. If you want a cool robot to fulfil your childhood robot fantasy, then Robert The Robot is the mechanical marvel of choice.


I am Robert Robot mechanical man, drive me and steer me wherever you can, I am Robert Robot


Robert was the first robot owned by Humanoido in 1954 at age 2. The robot toy, along with other toy robots such as Big Loo, Mr. Machine, and Robot Commando set the path for advanced careers in electronics, robotics and space technology. Robert the Robot was a gift at the gray house that led to my interests for creating a library of Astronomy and Robot books, which led to the first laboratory. Robert was durable and at age 2, I completely disassembled it to learn how his voice operated. He was my first commercial humanoid robot.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Automatron Robot

Designed & Built by Humanoido

I designed and built AutomaTron, a model-bot to simulate a 25-ton industrial press robot and demonstrate multi-axis programmable motion control.

This “industrial automatic” member of the Zylatron family from December 2016 is a working model, capable of supporting the full gamut of machine parameters. Scaled ratio is 1 ton to 1 ounce, maintained with 3 unmodified 3.4 kg/cm 180 degree servos. In scaled terms, it can handle up to 42 tons. This R&D unit is lightweight, portable, and breadboarded to facilitate rapid changes, improvements, testing, and debugging as needed.

I built a tiny PLC to control X-Y-Z axes driven by hobby servos interfaced to a miniature SSC. Multiple axes can achieve singular or plural states. Expansion is provided for up to 8 axes. An autonomous Light Curtain (ALC) safety feature is made from infrared beam detectors wired to the MCU. Breaking the transmitter-receiver beam results in safety effects, which are hardware (and/or software) programmed to OSHA regulations. ALC options halt the zaxis RAM, return the RAM to a previous state, RAM home, or move to a new location.
Audio signals, programmed from one MCU modulated output port, feed to a piezoelectric element. In high decibel mode, the Decibel Generator Unit (DGU) feeds output through an optional LM386 analog amplifier wired at 200x. AutomaTron is powered by a surplus miniature analog power supply, wall power converter, or batteries.

I designed MMOS, a simple Micro Motion Operating System. It derives efficient higher ordered modular code snippets to accomplish motion control. MMOS commands talk to the servos, PLC, PUP, DGU, ALC, SSC, LCD, LED, EPROM, RAM, MCU, SCS, ABU, LDS, and DGU. The OS modular aspect includes comment featuring, which makes programming by a succession of authors feasible and easy. This section is embedded in MMOS as SDE - Self Documentation Engine. MMOS code can do repeat version burns to EEPROM. MMOS documentation is saved with uploading software to the host computer.
The PLC "head" was fabricated from a PIC-based 16 I/O 16C57 computer affectionately know as the "Electrical Cabinet." It includes a Grayhill 96 series black matrix keyboard, 4 x 5 matrix encoder, and low drain green LCD for display. The PLC commands a memory slave board with a series of operating screens, programmed on-the-fly or presaved.

PLC User Programs (PUP) can be generated through AutomaTrons keyboard using the User Program Interface (UPI), embedded in the MMOS and Modular PBASIC code drivers. Keyboard code can turn 16 hard keys into 80 total keys using special designed function modes. This is reminiscent of Clive Sinclair’s marvel of achievement TS-1000 keyboard. In effect, the PLC functions as an advanced mini-terminal.

Motion control is accomplished with degrees of pulse width modulation. Homing is programmed with 1.5 ms pulses sent every 20 ms on each axis. Forward and reverse motion is achieved along the closed loop servo Self Calibrating System (SCS) with subroutines. Features include constant, or varied acceleration, velocities in ± directions, and a self calibrating Automatic Backlash Unit (ABU).
RAM motion (up or down) is controlled with the x-axis. Backguage (forward or back) is managed with the y-axis. Backgauge height is controlled by a third dimension Z vector. Repeatability matches typical 25 ton presses. Limit switches are experimental; soft microswitches, Hall Effect devices, induction detectors, and optical vision recognizers.

Setting the gains is automatic. Self Tuning Servos (STS) were created by programming in Test Mode (TM). Debugging is by Stop Gap (SG) where lines of code, subroutines, or modules are executed individually. The code Line Display Subroutine (LDS) shows a line by line execution of the program.

Name - Automatron
Sequence - Number 5 in the Tron series
Date - December 2016
Purpose - 25 ton industrial press robot
Simulate - Multi-axis programmable motion control
Built by - Humanoido
Processor - BASIC Stamp 2 OEM board (built from a kit)
Power - 4 AA, 2 D, 1 AC battery eliminator
Boards - Giant solderless breadboard, memory, ssc, 4x5 matrix encoder, processor LCD display
Motors - 3 servos
Language - PBASIC
OS - MMOS Micro Motion Operating System
Keyboard - Grayhill 96 series black matrix keyboard
Features - PLC, XYZ, ALC, MCU, RAM, DGU,  UPI, PLC, PUP, ALC, SSC, LCD, LED, EPROM, RAM, MCU, SCS, ABU, LDS, SDE, PWM,  VR KB, STS, TM, SG, LDS, CLD, repeatability, limit switches, singular or plural states, up to eight axes, OSHA compliant, Audio, Light Curtain, piezoelectric element, high decibel mode, optional LM386 analog amplifier wired at 200x

Tron Series Robots Built by Humanoido
1) Zylatron by Humanoido
2) Son of Zylatron (SOZ) by Humanoido
3) Bugatron (Da Chong) by Humanoido
4) Manatron

5) Automatron by Humanoido

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Chain Can Man Robot

Chain Can Man Robot

Designed & Built by Humanoido

Chain Can Man Robot was built by Humanoido at the USA in 1984 and is a new nostalgic version in the series of the original Can Man robots built by Humanoido in the 1950s.

It was designed to appeal to young kids and had working surplus electronics boards with sound effects and lights. It sported side chains connected to its can upper body torso. The head, body, arms and torso were constructed from old fashioned metal soup cans connected together with wire. It was battery operated and composed of mostly surplus mechanics and electronics found left over in Humanoido's lab. The circuit board and switches were mounted on the front chest where lights and sounds were programmed. The robot was given away in 1999. Unfortunately, there are no remaining photos of Chain Can Man, though it was a fine specimen of a robot that provided may hours of enjoyment.

Chain Can Man Specifications
Robot type - Humanoid
Electronics board - Sound effects generator
Body composition - Metal soup cans
Featured - Side chains
Front Mounted Electronics Board
Programmable - Sound effects & lights
Power - Battery
Upper body included head, arms, torso

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Big Loo Retro Toy Robot

Big Loo Giant Moon Robot 
was a toy robot manufactured by Louis Marx and Company in the United States for the December 1963 Christmas holiday season. It retailed for $9.99 however today it's a collector's item commanding as much as $18,000.00. The toy, primarily made of injection molded hi-impact polystyrene parts, stood three-feet tall (37-inches), a foot wide, and nine inches deep. 

To operate the arm you hold the ring and bend LOO over, by pulling the ring, his hand opens up and you can pick-up items up to 1 1/4 inch thick. His mid-section has a round hole for squirting water that's loaded into a plastic squeeze bottle about one inch round and 1 1/2 inches long plus a nozzle. A trough on his left base is a rocket launcher that shoots a rocket (rubber tipped and 6 inches long) a great distance. A trough on the right base is for holding four red balls. On the base in the middle is a compass with fine accuracy and there are four plastic wheels in the base outer corners so LOO may move across the floor manually. His head rotates 360 degrees.

He is made of a very brittle plastic and this is one reason he is hard to find. We talked to an engineer that was on this project, and he felt the production was about 5000 total but he was not sure. On a 1-10 scarce scale with 10 being the most rare, LOO is about an ---EIGHT!!! The toy, complete, is very expensive. Replacement parts (SOME) are available BUT LOO is glued together and it takes a class A toy fixer to install them.

* Sighting scope with cross hairs
* Two battery operated flashing red eyes with on/off switch
* Power from 2 size D batteries
* Wheeled base
* Compass on base
* Rocket launcher on base
* Base storage compartment for rockets and darts
* Chest has two dart launchers fired from the back
* Two rubber tipped darts
* Hand-cranked mechanical voice box that played ten messages
* Left arm fired four red balls from a spring in the left elbow
* Plastic red balls are 1-3/32" diameter
* Right arm grasping claw to pick up things
* Right arm has a metal ring in the shoulder and will
rotate 360 degrees
* One foot with a spring powered rocket
* Whistle
* Bell
* Morse code clicker with Morse Code chart
* Its navel squirts water
* Bends over at the waist
* Shipping weight 10 lbs.

Descriptions and posting from 2013 at the Big Brain site
Hear him speak

Spoken Phrases
1) I will stand guard for you
2) Take me for a walk
3) I am your friend
4) Big Loo fights for you
5) I can pick up things
6) I am yours to command
7) Where shall we go
8) My name is Big Loo
9) I will defend you
10) I work for you

Big Loo TV Commercial

by Humanoido
Big Loo was possibly the most amazing robot toy ever created. It's sheer size was fantastic and the number of functions it had was remarkable. It could roll along on wheels, bend at the torso to pick up things, it had a gripping hand, could shoot missiles, canon balls, had two dart launchers, a navigation compass, alarm whistle, Morse code keyer with Morse code language on the back, lighted eyes, a signaling bell, base storage compartment, a moveable arm that could throw a grenade, a centrally located squirt mechanism to shoot out water, and it could speak many different phrases. Big Loo saw so much action, the winding lever to control the speech wore out. Two slits were made in the performance of head surgery to repair the mechanism with silicone and restore the robot's voice. The voice mechanism used in Big Loo was almost the same as used in Robert the Robot.

Inside Big Loo's Head